Installing OpenREM

Install OpenREM 0.7.4

pip install openrem

Will need ``sudo`` or equivalent if installing on linux without using a virtualenv

Configuration

Locate install location

  • Ubuntu linux: /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/openrem/
  • Other linux: /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/openrem/
  • Linux virtualenv: lib/python2.7/site-packages/openrem/
  • Windows: C:\Python27\Lib\site-packages\openrem\
  • Windows virtualenv: Lib\site-packages\openrem\

There are two files that need renaming:

  • openremproject/local_settings.py.example to openremproject/local_settings.py
  • openremproject/wsgi.py.example to openremproject/wsgi.py

Edit local_settings.py

Note

Windows notepad will not recognise the Unix style line endings. Please use an editor such as Notepad++ or Notepad2 if you can, else use WordPad – on the View tab you may wish to set the Word wrap to ‘No wrap’

Important

In local_settings.py, always use forward slashes and not backslashes, even for paths on Windows systems.

The directories in this local_settings.py file must already exist - OpenREM will not create them for you.

Database

Note

SQLite is great for getting things running quickly and testing if the setup works, but is not recommended for production use.

We recommend using PostgreSQL as it is the best supported database for Django, and the only one for which the median value will be calculated and displayed in OpenREM charts. Alternatively, other databases such as MySQL/MariaDB, Oracle, and some others with lower levels of support can be used.

There are some further guides to setting up PostgreSQL – see Databases

If you are using SQLite:

'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3',
'NAME': '/ENTER/PATH/WHERE/DB/FILE/CAN/GO',
  • Linux example: 'NAME': '/home/user/openrem/openrem.db',
  • Windows example: 'NAME': 'C:/Users/myusername/Documents/OpenREM/openrem.db',

If you are using PostgreSQL:

'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.postgresql_psycopg2',
'NAME': 'openremdb',
'USER': 'openremuser',
'PASSWORD': 'openrem_pw',

Location for imports and exports

Csv and xlsx study information exports and patient size csv imports are written to disk at a location defined by MEDIA_ROOT.

The path set for MEDIA_ROOT is up to you, but the user that runs the webserver must have read/write access to the location specified because it is the webserver than reads and writes the files. In a debian linux, this is likely to be www-data for a production install. Remember to use forward slashes for the config file, even for Windows.

Linux example:

MEDIA_ROOT = "/var/openrem/media/"

Windows example:

MEDIA_ROOT = "C:/Users/myusername/Documents/OpenREM/media/"

Secret key

Generate a new secret key and replace the one in the local_settings.py file. You can use http://www.miniwebtool.com/django-secret-key-generator/ for this.

Allowed hosts

The ALLOWED_HOSTS needs to be defined, as the DEBUG mode is now set to False. This needs to contain the server name or IP address that will be used in the URL in the web browser. For example:

ALLOWED_HOSTS = [
    '192.168.56.102',
    '.doseserver.',
    'localhost',
]

A dot before a hostname allows for subdomains (eg www.doseserver), a dot after a hostname allows for FQDNs (eg doseserver.ad.trust.nhs.uk). Alternatively, a single '*' allows any host, but removes the security the feature gives you.

Customised date format in xlsx exports

# TODO: check csv situation The default date form at for OpenREM xlsx exports is dd/mm/yyyy. If you wish to customise this, uncomment the XLSX_DATE line, for example the standard US date format would be:

XLSX_DATE = 'mm/dd/yyyy'

Log file

There are two places logfiles need to be configured - here and when starting Celery. The logs defined here capture most of the information; the Celery logs just capture workers starting and tasks starting and finishing.

Configure the filename to determine where the logs are written. In linux, you might want to send them to a sub-folder of /var/log/. In this example, they are written to the MEDIA_ROOT; change as appropriate:

import os
logfilename = os.path.join(MEDIA_ROOT, "openrem.log")
qrfilename = os.path.join(MEDIA_ROOT, "openrem_qr.log")
storefilename = os.path.join(MEDIA_ROOT, "openrem_store.log")
LOGGING['handlers']['file']['filename'] = logfilename          # General logs
LOGGING['handlers']['qr_file']['filename'] = qrfilename        # Query Retrieve SCU logs
LOGGING['handlers']['store_file']['filename'] = storefilename  # Store SCP logs

If you want all the logs in one file, simply set them all to the same filename.

In the settings file, there are simple and verbose log message styles. We recommend you leave these as verbose:

LOGGING['handlers']['file']['formatter'] = 'verbose'        # General logs
LOGGING['handlers']['qr_file']['formatter'] = 'verbose'     # Query Retrieve SCU logs
LOGGING['handlers']['store_file']['formatter'] = 'verbose'  # Store SCP logs

Finally you can set the logging level. Options are DEBUG, INFO, WARNING, ERROR, and CRITICAL, with progressively less logging.

LOGGING['loggers']['remapp']['level'] = 'INFO'                    # General logs
LOGGING['loggers']['remapp.netdicom.qrscu']['level'] = 'INFO'     # Query Retrieve SCU logs
LOGGING['loggers']['remapp.netdicom.storescp']['level'] = 'INFO'  # Store SCP logs

Time zone

Configure the local timezone in order to get correct times in the logfiles. The default timezone is set at ‘Europe/London’. Valid options can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tz_zones_by_name

TIME_ZONE = 'Europe/London'

Language

Configure the local language. Default language is set at us-english. Valid options can be found here: http://www.i18nguy.com/unicode/language-identifiers.html

LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us'

Toshiba CT RDSR creation

If you need to import data from older Toshiba CT scanners into OpenREM then the following tools need to be available on the same server as OpenREM:

The paths to these must be set in local_settings.py for your system:

# Locations of various tools for DICOM RDSR creation from CT images
DCMTK_PATH = 'C:/Apps/dcmtk-3.6.0-win32-i386/bin'
DCMCONV = os.path.join(DCMTK_PATH, 'dcmconv.exe')
DCMMKDIR = os.path.join(DCMTK_PATH, 'dcmmkdir.exe')
JAVA_EXE = 'C:/Apps/doseUtility/windows/jre/bin/java.exe'
JAVA_OPTIONS = '-Xms256m -Xmx512m -Xss1m -cp'
PIXELMED_JAR = 'C:/Apps/doseUtility/pixelmed.jar'
PIXELMED_JAR_OPTIONS = '-Djava.awt.headless=true com.pixelmed.doseocr.OCR -'

The example above is for Windows. On linux, if you have installed the Offis DICOM toolkit with sudo apt install dcmtk or similar, you can find the path for the configuration above using the command which dcmconv. This will be something like /usr/bin/dcmconv, so the DCMTK_PATH would be '/usr/bin and the DCMCONV would be os.path.join(DCMTK_PATH, 'dcmconv'). Similarly for DCMMKDIR and JAVA_EXE, which might be /usr/bin/java. The pixelmed.jar file should be downloaded from the link above, and you will need to provide the path to where you have saved it.

Create the database

In a shell/command window, move into the openrem folder:

  • Ubuntu linux: cd /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/openrem/
  • Other linux: cd /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/openrem/
  • Windows: cd C:\Python27\Lib\site-packages\openrem\
  • Virtualenv: cd lib/python2.7/site-packages/openrem/

Create the database:

python manage.py makemigrations remapp
python manage.py migrate
python manage.py showmigrations

The last command will list each Django app migrations. Each should have a cross inside a pair of square brackets something like below:

admin
 [X] 0001_initial
auth
 [X] 0001_initial
 [X] 0002_alter_permission_name_max_length
 [X] 0003_alter_user_email_max_length
 [X] 0004_alter_user_username_opts
 [X] 0005_alter_user_last_login_null
 [X] 0006_require_contenttypes_0002
contenttypes
 [X] 0001_initial
 [X] 0002_remove_content_type_name
remapp
 [X] 0001_initial
sessions
 [X] 0001_initial
sites
 [X] 0001_initial

Finally, create a Django super user:

python manage.py createsuperuser

Answer each question as it is asked – this user is needed to set up the other users and the permissions.

Add the median database function: PostgreSQL databases only

Rename the file

remapp/migrations/0002_0_7_fresh_install_add_median.py.inactive

to

remapp/migrations/0002_0_7_fresh_install_add_median.py

and then run

python manage.py makemigrations --empty remapp
python manage.py migrate

The first command will create a skeleton 0001_initial.py migration file. The second command runs the migration files, and will display the text Applying remapp.0002_0_7_fresh_install_add_median... OK, indicating that the median function has been added.

Start all the services!

You are now ready to start the services to allow you to use OpenREM - go to Start all the services to see how!

Further instructions

Production webservers

Unlike the database, the production webserver can be left till later and can be changed again at any time.

For performance it is recommended that a production webserver is used instead of the inbuilt ‘runserver’. Popular choices would be either Apache or you can do as the cool kids do and use Gunicorn with nginx.

The django website has instructions and links to get you set up with Apache.

An advanced guide using Apache, including auto-restarting the server when the code changes, has been contributed here: Installing Apache on Windows Server 2012 with auto-restart

DICOM Store and query-retrieve

The best (and only practical way in a production environment) to get DICOM data into OpenREM is to have a DICOM store node (Store Service Class Provider/SCP) and possibly a query-retrieve service class user too.

To find out more about this, refer to the DICOM Store and QR docs.