Upgrading a native Linux install

These instructions assume a configuration similar to the ‘One page complete Ubuntu install’ provided with release 0.8.1 and later. If you are running an older distribution, consider upgrading the operating system or migrating the service to a new host. The test system for these upgrade instructions was upgraded from 18.04 to 20.04 and then 22.04 before the OpenREM upgrade was started. If you are using a different distribution or have set up your system differently, it might be better to start afresh following or adapting the Upgrading to a new Linux server docs instead.

If upgrading to a new host, follow the Upgrading to a new Linux server docs.

This release will run on Python 3.8 or 3.9, but Python 3.10 is recommended. If a different release of Python is being used, substitute 3.10 for that version where necessary below.

If you are upgrading OpenREM on a Linux server with limited internet access, go to the Offline installation or upgrade docs.


Back up the database - you will need the password for openremuser that will be in your local_settings.py file. You’ll need this file again later so open it in a different window:

$ less /var/dose/veopenrem/lib/python2.7/site-packages/openrem/openremproject/local_settings.py

Backup the database, in the main window:

$ pg_dump -U openremuser -d openremdb -F c -f pre-1-0-upgrade-dump.bak

Stop any Celery workers, Flower, RabbitMQ, Gunicorn, NGINX, and Orthanc (OpenREM service names will be reversed if they weren’t changed with the 0.9.1 upgrade):

$ sudo systemctl stop openrem-celery
$ sudo systemctl stop openrem-flower
$ sudo systemctl stop openrem-gunicorn
$ sudo systemctl stop rabbitmq-server
$ sudo systemctl stop nginx
$ sudo systemctl stop orthanc

Update apt and install any updates:

$ sudo -- sh -c 'apt update && apt upgrade'

Install Python 3.10 and other packages:

$ sudo apt install acl python3.10 python3.10-dev python3.10-distutils python3.10-venv python3-pip \
postgresql nginx orthanc dcmtk default-jre zip gettext

Reset the permissions for the /var/dose folder:

$ sudo chmod -R 775 /var/dose
$ sudo chown -R $USER:openrem /var/dose
$ sudo chmod -R g+s /var/dose/*

Now find the uid of your user and the gid of the openrem group:

$ id
$ getent group openrem

Take note of the uid number and the gid in the third field of the group information and use it in the next command, replacing 1001 (user uid) and 1002 (openrem group gid) as appropriate:

$ sudo setfacl -PRdm u:1001:rwx,g:1002:rwx,o::r /var/dose/

What are we doing with the permissions?

These settings enable the web server user www-data, the DICOM server user orthanc and the OpenREM server users (you and your colleagues) to all read, write and execute the OpenREM files. The setfacl command relies on Access Control Lists being available on your system - they are usually enabled on ext4 and can be enabled on others. See New users, and quick access to physics folder for adding colleagues access to the Linux folders.

Create a new Python virtual environment:

$ python3.10 -m venv /var/dose/veopenrem3

Activate the virtualenv:

$ . /var/dose/veopenrem3/bin/activate

Install the new version of OpenREM

Ensure the new virtualenv is active — prompt will look like


Upgrade Pip and install OpenREM

$ pip install --upgrade pip
$ pip install openrem==1.0.0b1

Configure the local_settings.py file

Navigate to the Python openrem folder and copy the example local_settings.py and wsgi.py files to remove the .linux and .example suffixes:

$ cd /var/dose/veopenrem3/lib/python3.10/site-packages/openrem/
$ cp openremproject/local_settings.py{.linux,}
$ cp openremproject/wsgi.py{.example,}

Review the old local_settings.py file that was opened earlier - see the first part of the Preparation section. Edit the new local_settings.py as needed - make sure you update the database NAME, USER and PASSWORD, the ALLOWED_HOSTS list and the EMAIL configuration and check all the other settings. Change the SECRET_KEY from the default:

$ nano openremproject/local_settings.py
    'default': {
        'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.postgresql',
        'NAME': 'openremdb',
        'USER': 'openremuser',
        'PASSWORD': 'mysecretpassword',     # This is the password you set earlier
        'HOST': '',
        'PORT': '',

MEDIA_ROOT = '/var/dose/media/'

STATIC_ROOT = '/var/dose/static/'

# Change secret key
SECRET_KEY = 'hmj#)-$smzqk*=wuz9^a46rex30^$_j$rghp+1#y&i+pys5b@$'

# DEBUG mode: leave the hash in place for now, but remove it and the space (so DEBUG
# is at the start of the line) as soon as something doesn't work. Put it back
# when you get it working again.
# DEBUG = True

    # Add the names and IP address of your host, for example:

LOG_ROOT = '/var/dose/log'
LOG_FILENAME = os.path.join(LOG_ROOT, 'openrem.log')
QR_FILENAME = os.path.join(LOG_ROOT, 'openrem_qr.log')
EXTRACTOR_FILENAME = os.path.join(LOG_ROOT, 'openrem_extractor.log')

# Removed comment hashes to enable log file rotation:
LOGGING['handlers']['file']['class'] = 'logging.handlers.RotatingFileHandler'
LOGGING['handlers']['file']['maxBytes'] = 10 * 1024 * 1024  # 10*1024*1024 = 10 MB
LOGGING['handlers']['file']['backupCount'] = 5  # number of log files to keep before deleting the oldest one
LOGGING['handlers']['qr_file']['class'] = 'logging.handlers.RotatingFileHandler'
LOGGING['handlers']['qr_file']['maxBytes'] = 10 * 1024 * 1024  # 10*1024*1024 = 10 MB
LOGGING['handlers']['qr_file']['backupCount'] = 5  # number of log files to keep before deleting the oldest one
LOGGING['handlers']['extractor_file']['class'] = 'logging.handlers.RotatingFileHandler'
LOGGING['handlers']['extractor_file']['maxBytes'] = 10 * 1024 * 1024  # 10*1024*1024 = 10 MB
LOGGING['handlers']['extractor_file']['backupCount'] = 5  # number of log files to keep before deleting the oldest one

# Regionalisation settings
#   Date format for exporting data to Excel xlsx files.
#   Default in OpenREM is dd/mm/yyyy. Override it by uncommenting and customising below; a full list of codes is
#   available at https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee634398.aspx.
# XLSX_DATE = 'mm/dd/yyyy'
#   Local time zone for this installation. Choices can be found here:
#   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tz_zones_by_name
#   although not all choices may be available on all operating systems.
#   In a Windows environment this must be set to your system time zone.
TIME_ZONE = 'Europe/London'
#   Language code for this installation. All choices can be found here:
#   http://www.i18nguy.com/unicode/language-identifiers.html

DCMTK_PATH = '/usr/bin'
DCMCONV = os.path.join(DCMTK_PATH, 'dcmconv')
DCMMKDIR = os.path.join(DCMTK_PATH, 'dcmmkdir')
JAVA_EXE = '/usr/bin/java'
JAVA_OPTIONS = '-Xms256m -Xmx512m -Xss1m -cp'
PIXELMED_JAR = '/var/dose/pixelmed/pixelmed.jar'
PIXELMED_JAR_OPTIONS = '-Djava.awt.headless=true com.pixelmed.doseocr.OCR -'

# E-mail server settings - see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/topics/email/
EMAIL_HOST = 'localhost'
EMAIL_USE_TLS = 0         # Use 0 for False, 1 for True
EMAIL_USE_SSL = 0         # Use 0 for False, 1 for True
EMAIL_DOSE_ALERT_SENDER = 'your.alert@email.address'
EMAIL_OPENREM_URL = 'http://your.openrem.server'

Migrate the database

In a shell/command window, move into the openrem folder:

$ cd /var/dose/veopenrem3/lib/python3.10/site-packages/openrem/

Prepare the migrations folder:

  • Rename 0001_initial.py.1-0-upgrade to 0001_initial.py

$ mv remapp/migrations/0001_initial.py{.1-0-upgrade,}

Migrate the database:

$ python manage.py migrate --fake-initial
$ python manage.py migrate remapp --fake
$ python manage.py makemigrations remapp

Rename questions

There will be some questions about fields being renamed - answer N to all of them.

$ python manage.py migrate
$ python manage.py loaddata openskin_safelist.json

Update static files and translations

$ python manage.py collectstatic --clear

Warning about deleting all files

You will get a warning about all files in the static files location being deleted. As long as the folder is correct, type yes to continue.

Virtual directory users

If you are running your website in a virtual directory, you also have to update the reverse.js file. To get the file in the correct path, take care that you insert just after the declaration of STATIC_ROOT the following line in your local_settings.py (see also the sample local_settings.py.example):

JS_REVERSE_OUTPUT_PATH = os.path.join(STATIC_ROOT, 'js', 'django_reverse')

To update the reverse.js file execute the following command:

$ python manage.py collectstatic_js_reverse

See Running the OpenREM website in a virtual directory for more details.

Generate translation binary files

$ python manage.py compilemessages

Update all the services configurations

Edit the Gunicorn systemd file WorkingDirectory and ExecStart:

$ sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/openrem-gunicorn.service

ExecStart=/var/dose/veopenrem3/bin/gunicorn \
    --bind unix:/tmp/openrem-server.socket \
    openremproject.wsgi:application --timeout 300 --workers 4

Celery, Flower and RabbitMQ are no longer required for this release, so their Systemd control files can be disabled, and RabbitMQ can be removed (assuming it is not in use for any other services on this server):

$ sudo systemctl disable openrem-celery.service
$ sudo systemctl disable openrem-flower.service
$ sudo apt remove rabbitmq-server
$ sudo apt purge rabbitmq-server

Reload systemd and restart the services

$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload

Start and check Gunicorn:

$ sudo systemctl start openrem-gunicorn.service
$ sudo systemctl status openrem-gunicorn.service

Start and check NGINX:

$ sudo systemctl start nginx.service
$ sudo systemctl status nginx.service

Start and check Orthanc:

$ sudo systemctl start orthanc.service
$ sudo systemctl status orthanc.service

Registered Users error

If Orthanc fails to start, check the Orthanc log file:

$ sudo less /var/log/orthanc/Orthanc.log

If there is an error: Bad file format: The configuration section "RegisteredUsers" is defined in 2 different configuration files this might be due to changes in the installed version of Orthanc.

Edit the main Orthanc configuration file to remove the setting, as it is now in a credentials.json configuration file.

$ sudo nano /etc/orthanc/orthanc.json

Remove the RegisteredUsers setting and try again:

$ sudo systemctl start orthanc.service
$ sudo systemctl status orthanc.service

If there is still an issue, check the log again. If the problem this time is due to the TCP port of the DICOM server, you might need to give it permission again:

$ sudo setcap CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE=+eip /usr/sbin/Orthanc

And restart Orthanc once more.

Test the webserver

You should now be able to browse to the web interface of your upgraded OpenREM system and have a look around.

Update the DICOM Store settings

Log in to the web interface, and navigate to Config, DICOM networking.

The remote nodes should be correct from the old system, but the DICOM Store SCP settings will need updating. Modify the store, and add the hostname localhost.

After you have clicked Submit, the status page should show the server is alive. If it isn’t, go and check the status of Orthanc again (we may have checked it too quickly before).